Friday, October 23, 2009

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Tuesday, October 20, 2009

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Massari - BODY BODY

Exclusive Shakira She Wolf Making of the Video

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Makeup Tutorial: How to Fake Abs

How to create and define your abs with just a little makeup tutorial

Hair Tutorial: How to Bang Part 1

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Katy Perry Waking Up in Vegas Makeup Tutorial

how to recreate the look of Katy Perry from her latest video Waking Up in Vegas.Not an everyday look but something fun for a night out or a special

What is a Structured Settlement Annuity

A structured settlement annuity is also referred to as structured settlement payments which can occur as the result of legal action.

If you should happen to get into a wreck or be sued over another legal matter then you may have to be paid in a settlement that would have to occur over a period of time instead of one lump sum because you or the other party may not have all of the funds at one time.

Once you receive this kind of settlement you can find an insurance company which buys that annuity policy from another insurance company. These annuity payments may be changed for a lump sum instead of monthly payments. They often offer cash for structured settlements if you are more interested in receiving a lump sum.

Selling a structured settlement annuity can occur for a difference in reasons you may no longer want to receive monthly payments and just want all the money at once for a big cash purchase or down payment on a car or house.

There are is a lot of paperwork involved when trying to sell the settlement annuity. There must be a written guideline to follow as well as all of the disclosures must be agreed upon as well as the settled amount. Once these terms are agreed upon all of the parties involved such as the insurance company and the beneficiaries then this must be agreed or approved by a judge. Once the judge agrees or disagrees then the money can be paid out and it is yours to do whatever with.

There are several benefits by having a structured settlement annuity versus selling one. A big con is the extra monthly payment sometimes people can get accustomed to the monthly income coming in that once it stops they feel strapped or their budget gets tied down because they rely on the monthly check. A lot of people look into selling their annuity just to avoid this problem in the future.

Purchase Structured Settlements

Companies that purchase structured settlements will buy out your future payments in exchange for advancing you money now, minus their fee. These companies can provide needed cash in a lump sum, far more than your monthly allotment, if that is what you choose to do, instead of staying on the monthly or yearly plan that your structured settlement sets forth.

If you have been involved in a lawsuit for personal injury, product defects, medical malpractice, or wrongful death of a family member, you may have mediated a settlement offer. Many times, since settlements in personal injury cases can be so large, the payouts are structured, or set up to be paid out in increments over time. This can be over several months, or years, and in some cases for a lifetime of payments. This amounts to a guaranteed income for the person who has settled their lawsuit for monetary compensation.

When a large sum is spread out over many months, or years, there can be some tax advantages, and it does assure the recipient of future income. By taking a large lump sum all at once, the person who receives it gets a large amount of money all at one time, with nothing set aside for future expenses. People who are hurt and have ongoing medical expenses will need a lot of money for their future care, and a structured settlement is good for that purpose.

Sometimes, however, the recipient has a good reason for wanting a large amount of cash immediately, instead of the smaller amounts over time. They might want to go to college, or buy a house, or have another good reason for needing some, or all, of their settlement money up front. This is a good time to consult the companies who purchase structured settlements.

There is a fee charged, from around 10 to 30 percent of the money advanced, and the transaction is similar to getting a payday advance, except for a lot more money, and the repayments go directly to the company that bought out your settlement. It is possible to have them purchase just a part of your settlement, so you get a lump sum now, and whatever remains would continue as before, but in a lesser amount. You would still get some future income, just not as much.

When deciding to sell a settlement, it may be necessary to obtain court approval. That is one way that the legal system acts on your behalf, to be sure you are doing this for a good reason, because the structured payment system was decided upon for a good reason also. Take time to examine several companies who purchase structured settlements before you take action. Oftentimes, smaller competitors offer better rates and terms than the big names like Peachtree and JG Wentworth.

Structured Settlement Companies

Do You Know That Some people think that it is best to go with the first company that they see when it comes to getting cash for a structured settlement. While they may be able to strike up a good deal with the first company that they check into, it is still a good idea to look at different companies and compare all of the information before you make a decision on who to work with. There are some major companies who work with settlements, and they may be a good place to start. You should also check out smaller companies, because they too may have a lot to offer you.

If you are looking for structured settlement offers, you can do a search online and check out a few different companies, until you find one that seems to be the best deal for you. If the offer that they are giving you seems very high compared to other offers, you may want to stay clear of that offer. Some people end up getting into situations where they are forced to cancel a contract due to the company, and then it can take a while to get another company and enter in a new contract. Structured settlements do have the potential to earn you cash, and there are a lot of good companies out there to work with.

Before you enter into a contract, be sure that you completely understand all of the terms and conditions, so that you can be sure that you are getting the best cash deal for your structured settlement. If you have a lot of questions on how the process works, and how you can get started, you can go online and find some good web sites that will offer you answers to your questions, and help match you with a good company. Start searching and see the different options that are available to you for earning cash on your settlement. Get a few different offers before you make your decision on what company to work with.

How to Buy Structured Settlements

Do You Know That there are very many companies who will buy structured settlements. In order to be in touch with such companies, you should be able to know which ones are genuine and which ones are scams.

Due to the rise in the level of con artists, care should be taken when choosing a company which will buy structured settlements.

Just like any other business, research is the key in finding out what you need to be done in order to have your structured settlements bought. The first step would be to find out how many companies buy structured settlements.

The number of companies that you find that are able to do this kind of business will determine the options that you have.

The more companies that are there, the higher the chances of you getting a very good deal on these settlements.

Once you have found out which companies are in this business, it will be up to you to know which ones are genuine and which ones are not.

You can research this through their websites. The best option however would be to go physically to their offices and make general inquiries.

From the information that you get you will be able to determine if they are genuine or not.

You can make inquiries around to find out how long they have been in business. The longer they have been working, the higher the chance of them being genuine.

Another key aspect that one should be seriously considering is what percentage of their clients has had issues with them in the past.

If the percentage of disgruntled clients is high, then it would be advisable to avoid that particular company.

Before making a decision, analyze all the data that you have compiled from each company. This will help you to know which the best is and which company offers a great price.

Having done all this, you will now be able to get a very good deal on your structured settlement. Following these procedures will help you get a very good company that will be able to buy structured settlements from you.

If you fall into any difficulties, try consulting with a financial advisor because they will be able to help you in this field.

Alternatively, you can inquire from family or friends that may know someone who has successfully done such a business before.

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Selling a Structured Settlement

There are a lot of things you need to do to sell your structured settlement. First you need to shop it around with many different companies to get the best price. The three biggest companies in the industry are JG Wentworth, Peachtree Settlement Funding, and Stone Street Capital. If you are selling an annuity or structured settlement ask all three of them. In addition to calling the biggest companies you should get quotes and from the smaller companies. There are a lot of companies in this business so it`s better to contact a bunch to get the best price.

To find the smaller companies you can use Google. Just write "sell structured settlement", "get structured settlement quote" or "buy structured settlement" in the search engine. When the offers start coming you can pit these companies against each other to get the highest price. All offers must be written down then as they come in just start forwarding them to competing companies until they give you the highest price.

Check out all companies before you agree and if something sounds too good to be true then it probably is. For example if you get $65 thousand after haggling and negotiating as the highest quote and at the last moment another company comes in with a crazy offer like $90 thousand, be very careful. Some of these companies will offer you very high price to get your structured settlement, then will back out after you sign the contract (which they can do) and say that they can not offer you that price anymore and you`ll have to take small sum. After that they will tell you that if you cancel the contract with them you`ll have to start the process again which`ll take months so it`s better to accept their new offer. So if you get a high reasonable offer take it, don't get unreasonable high offers because in this industry there are a lot of companies who do that on a regular basis.

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Cash for Structured Settlements

You may have come across innumerable advertisements promising you attractive cash returns for your structured settlement. Alternatively, there may have been companies who might have approached you to cash your structured settlements. There may be instances wherein you need the money desperately, but before selling out, study the available options carefully. You must realize that there are both advantages and disadvantages associated with cashing structured settlements.

First and foremost, you need to decide whether selling the structural settlement, which you may have received as a result of a medical malpractice or a personal injury, is your only or best possible option.

Survey the market and you will find that there are many companies offering cash in return for the settlement. Before zeroing in on any one of them, do a comparative study and make sure the company you choose is financially sound. Also, remember to do a thorough study of the company background and its track record. This will minimize the risk of your not getting the payment.

Do You Know That There are many benefits associated with structured settlements. The major advantages of structured settlements are that it may reduce the plaintiff’s tax obligations and can sometimes be tax free. Then there is also the benefit of preservation of the settlement funds, which can be of great help for your future needs. Another advantage is that these settlements can also be coordinated with other benefits or public assistance.

Structured settlements can have some disadvantages associated with them. There may be instances when you do not have the funds to make even the necessary purchases. Also, at times you may have to pay high commissions while purchasing annuities. Another disadvantage can be in the form of your getting low returns for your investment options. Also, some people may find the entire process of payment in installments tiring. Alternatively, getting a lump sum payment gives you the chance of investing your money as you desire.

of StrThe Advantages and Disadvantages uctured Settlements

A structured settlement is an arrangement where instead of a lump sum of cash being awarded to a claimant, a tax-free periodic payment is agreed. Structured settlements are often used in guardianship cases, workers compensation cases, wrongful death cases and severe injury cases. Research has indicated that the more severe the injury, the more likely it will be that a structured settlement will be used.

The first thing that you may be asking yourself is, what are the advantages of taking a structured settlement over a cash settlement? The first reason is that it offers long-term financial security and protection to the plaintiff. It has been estimated that 90% of all large cash awards are spent within 5 years due to poor financial management skills.

The main advantage of structured settlements is the tax-free status of the payments and capital growth. For an example, let us suppose that a claimant has been awarded a settlement and can either take a $1 million lump sum, or $2 million spread over their lifetime. If they opt for the $1 million, although the sum itself is tax-free, any interest earned on it will be liable to income tax. However, the $2 million paid over their lifetime will not be liable to income tax.

One of the disadvantages associated with structured settlements is the perceived inflexibility of its structure. It is not possible, for example, to add your spouse's name to the settlement agreement without the exception of a court order. If the claimant is risk averse, they may believe that they can create a higher yield by investing the money themselves. However, it can also be argued that the monthly payments of the settlement give the investor a great way to "dollar cost average" their investments.

If you are awarded a structured settlement, there are companies that give you the option to sell structured settlement payments for a lump sum cash fee. In this situation, you should always seek the advice of a trusted attorney. In recent years, this type of transaction has become increasingly popular and has resulted in more than 35 states and the federal government increasing consumer protection statutes and setting in place strict rules and regulations for these types of transactions.

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The Downside of Structured Settlement Loan

Do You Know If you won in a lawsuit, you are entitled to a structured settlement. As an award, the court will order the insurance provider or the company to pay you an amount which is just and reasonable. The money is a big help especially if you have lots of debts during times of appearing in court. You will be receiving an agreed amount either semi-annually or annually. The best thing about it is its ability to assist you financially. You don't need to worry of running out of cash for you will be receiving timely payments. However, sometimes people with structured settlements opt to go for a loan.

The loan is called structured settlement loan. Instead of receiving the money semi-annually for a stated period, you'll be receiving a lump-sum amount by providing your structured settlement as collateral. Many are doing it because of some financial emergencies like medical bills or other obligations. Some will be using the money to purchase a home or a car. What you will have is large amount of cash to purchase anything you want. Sounds attractive to grab, right? But before you go and get the loan, you should know the disadvantages of structured settlement loan. Sometimes, we only look for the positive side of things and we tend to neglect the downside.

If you really need big amount of money, I can't blame you if you will go for a loan. Large amount of money will be immediately yours once your application is approved. Sometimes, you are not contented for just a small amount but good for longer periods. Or in times of financial difficulty, we don't have any choice at all. One of the disadvantages of structured settlement loan is the lesser amount of money you will be getting in availing it. If for example, the settlement has a value of $20,000, don't expect to receive a full amount. There are charges imposed by the financial company and you are the one responsible to pay.

It all boils down to business profits. How will the lender gain income if there are no charges? Unlike other types of loans where you need to make monthly payments, in this case you don't need to. With the lump-sum money coming from the financial institution, you don't have to pay it back. This is because the lender will be receiving the settlement payments in return. The structured settlement loan is a form of assignment where your receivable will be collected by the lender. But try to analyze it thoroughly; it is you who is losing in this battle. You will not be receiving an amount worth of the settlement.

You will be paying for interests as well. The bottom line about the loan is the loss of money. So you better think twice about getting a structured settlement loan. It's not all about the advantages but you should consider as well the disadvantages. You must be very clear about where the money will go. If you really don't need the money, then might as well be contented with the payments for longer periods.

The timing of eating affects body weight gain or not

WASHINGTON - A study conducted by the University (Northwestern), Illinois United States and published in the magazine (obesity) that the timing of eating a big impact on increased body weight or not.

Said Diana Arpels President of the research team said in a statement reported by Radio (SAWA) American: - "It was our focus on working in shifts, where they often tend to obesity, which led us to think that eating at the wrong time may be a factor in weight gain" .

For his part, said Fred Turek of the Center (Northwestern) to sleep and the biology of the body clock: "The how and why weight gain is complicated, but it is clear that it is not just a matter of calories consumed by the body."

The recent studies have shown that the biological clock of the body play a role in how the body to drain energy, but it was difficult even now to prove it accurately.

Scientists and resolve to deepen their studies on how this influence, and believed that sleep, hormones and body temperature plays a role in how the body to gain excess weight.

Eating at night over weight

WASHINGTON - The modern medical study warned that the habit of eating food during the night after dinner and too many entertainers contribute significantly to the overall weight and gain more of kilograms and fat.

And stresses the initial research conducted on animals in this connection that eating at the wrong times and not useful in terms of food and health to make them at a rate twice as likely to gain more weight and fat in spite of the fact that the total calories ingested, which remained within the allowable percentage but most of which dealt night is a big mistake for the mechanism of metabolism.

Hidden causes, leading to the expansion of the stomach and the emergence of rumen

Will identify the wrong types of exercise and the types of foods that cause the growth of harmful bad appearance of the abdomen.

Given to us by dietitians and personnel training (Mike Geary)
1 - Many of the foods that are called healthy foods and they are actually harmful to food but useless and unnoticed where it causes an increase in unhealthy fats in the body.

For example, foods sold in markets and it is written in the diet or (Diet) is in fact provide the body does not want, including fat and calories because they contain ink local industrial alcohol and sugars and other additives cause hormonal disturbances and chaos in your body, and stimulate the body to store fat more in the stomach and increase the desire for food.

As you should know that foods labeled as containing the whole grain without removing the cobalt-containing starch lead to a net increase of sugar in the blood sugar faster than normal, however the factory production to maximize profits without regard to physical damage, returning from their use.

2 - The abdominal exercises known to do and sit down as well as the machines allocated to it is the least effective way to get a tight stomach muscles.

3 - The recurrent and tedious exercise for the heart is not the best way to get rid of body fat.

4 - You do not need to be lost on the disks Omulk medical custom to burn fat as it really does not have any interest she recalls counterfeit drugs effect and similar formulations. And you should follow a special diet of normal nutrition.

5 - All belts and abdominal Rockers and tricks of trade are a waste of time, effort and money, what benefit the body is really effective exercise and nutrition real.

Sport less weight after giving birth

Get a large proportion of women (8 to 10%) after about ten days of birth type of depression, called the (post-natal depression) .. The explanation of the sudden relegation to the level of hormones after giving birth .. Where the proportion of estrogen rise during pregnancy, and this explains the improvement in mood and feeling of happiness to pregnant women from mid-pregnancy.

The develop depression during the first three months after birth and may continue for a year in half the cases, and in some cases, continue for about three years, which prevents the experience of motherhood sad adversely affect the marital relationship.

Sports more of the hormone of happiness
Consultants and stresses of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the sport helps to increase the happiness hormone secretion (endorphins), and are therefore useful for the treatment of postpartum depression (Post-Natal Depression), which affect the proportion of new mothers.

The symptoms of postpartum depression, anxiety, grief, fatigue, stress, fear, sleep disorders and insomnia.

It is a lot of research on the psychological benefits of exercise and a positive impact on feelings of depression, fatigue and tension.

Can be explained by the calming influence that it exercises help to expedite the disposal of the body of toxic substances, and can measure the reduction of anxiety by controlling the drop in blood pressure and heart palpitations and rapid breathing, secretion of hormones in the urine, namely (adrenaline and adrenaline-Nur).

The effects of sport on health
Of course, exercise helps to feel satisfied because of the long-term health effects, they (improve circulation, and strengthens the heart, lungs, bones and muscles, control blood pressure, body fat, blood sugar, helps digestion and eliminate constipation).

They also improve the external appearance of the body and provide him with proper form, flexibility and stamina, all of this works to raise the morale of the woman.

It is recommended in the first weeks after birth light exercises to flatten abdominal muscles to regain the internal strength, and walking around the house or garden, helping to move the blood circulation in the body.

When can I start exercising after birth?
After six weeks of birth, the body has regained his normal, and can start a sports program approved by the doctor, be inclusive of all the muscles in the body with a focus on abdominal muscles, as well as the muscles of the lower back.

It was noted that many women suffer from pain in the lumbar region during the period of pregnancy and after birth, and this is due to excess weight in the abdominal area, putting a burden on the back muscles.

The lactating women suffer from pain in the shoulders and back This is to increase the amount of milk in the chest, thereby tightening the muscles of the shoulders forward and Erhgaha, Fmzawelp exercises to strengthen the muscles of the shoulders lessen the pain in that area and comforts.

Restore the fitness of women's health .. Postnatal
From errors common to most mothers that Inasrven fully after birth to care for their children, and does not Iern themselves some attention, especially in terms of increase in weight Akedzpinha during the months of pregnancy, the application of slimming programs immediately after birth easy, you will not be the case after a long time.

It is natural that the increase in weight during pregnancy because pregnant fetal growth, which can weigh with the end of pregnancy to about 3.2 kg, and the placenta, which weighs about half a kilogram, and increased uterine weight, which amounted to a kilogram, in addition to the increase in the weight of your breasts and in body fluids, and therefore approximately 70 to 90 per cent of women suffer from overweight after the birth.

And for many reasons, chief among them lack of moderation in dealing with their diets daily, and not to exercise any kind of sport specialized during pregnancy, and post-natal women live with anxiety and puzzled how to get rid of the extra kilos gained during pregnancy.

Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend, usually starting in the application of slimming programs immediately after birth, and that is to consult a doctor and dietitian first, before the resumption of those programs, and put the following steps:
- Search for a desirable and fitness exercises in the fitness center close to home so as to allow for breastfeeding women to come and go easily.
- Would prefer to be post-natal exercise at a slow pace and gradually, especially if the women had never practiced sport during pregnancy.
- Wearing a special sports bra support breast-feeding was issued.
- To begin training is always a few minutes of heating, warm, and then walk normal, and ranging to more difficult exercises and stress, and also terminate the other a few minutes of cooling in slow motion.
- To be exercise, food regulation programs of a program designed to train nursing mothers.

Post-natal exercises
Here are some exercises that will help you to restore physical fitness: Start heating always exercises for five minutes, so as to extend the muscles and create the body and raising the temperature to be ready for work .. For example:
- Stand up straight and your shoulders in a circular motion motor in both directions.
- Tablet Bdhiraik in large districts.
- Lift your knees to annex the opposite.
- I walk or Arkdi in your place until you feel warm enough to begin exercise.

Walking for the treatment of depression
Walking is one of the easiest types of sports, and you can start slowly, then increase the speed gradually taking into account the tightening abdominal muscles inward and lift the chest up and open the shoulders with the integrity of the afternoon.

Start by walking for 15 minutes, and you can increase the duration and speed when you feel that your body has regained its strength and activity.

And brisk walking for 15 to 45 minutes a day improve your mood immediately, and if you are a recent physical exercise you may need to be some time before feeling better mood and vitality.

Studies indicate that persons practicing on a regular basis reap the following results:
- The feeling of physical and emotional relaxation.
- Mitigation of headaches and stomach pains and difficulty concentrating.
- Improvement in sleep and alleviate anxiety.
- Increased sense of self-confidence.
- The improvement of relations with third parties.

Swimming relieve arthritis
That swimming is one of the best sports, too, because they do not stress the joints and helps to tighten all the muscles in the body, and you can start with (20 minutes) to recover his body, strength and after several weeks you can increase the duration

Motherhood and pregnancy
280-day gestation period Puma or 40 weeks from the first day of the beginning of the last menstrual period may occur before birth or after the date two weeks earlier.

How to keep the mother on her health and the health of her fetus?
1 - you need the pregnant mother to a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals, especially iron.

2 - can exercise by doing domestic work and everyday functionality and simple mathematical exercises without fatigue.

3 - prefer to wear loose clothing and comfortable shoes, and choose cotton underwear.

4 - to sleep early and take a rest during the day.

5 - Maintaining personal hygiene at all times and take warm water baths, and if the skin tends to drought prefers the use of emollient creams after use

6 - see a doctor at least twice during pregnancy, and clean teeth daily.

7 - Not taking any medication without consulting a doctor, and not to be subjected to X-rays, especially during the first months of pregnancy.

8 - Take the tetanus vaccination (twice each month, and the dose is supported).

9 - Refrain from smoking and avoid places where there are smokers.

10 - stay away from children disease German measles and chicken pox.

11 - See your doctor every month during the period of pregnancy or maternity centers and child to ensure the safety of mother and child.

Minor inconveniences during pregnancy (symptoms associated with pregnancy)

1 - nausea and vomiting: the beginning of pregnancy but do not continue to exist more than the third month, and to overcome this could be dealt with a piece of dry bread or Alqracic or biscuits, and eat several small meals, avoiding fatty meals.

2 - heartburn (acid): frequently used in the last months of pregnancy due to weak stomach muscles during pregnancy and the slow passage of food to the intestines or returning to the top, and serve cold milk to drink and avoid foods that cause acidity

3 - Tumor feet: high-pressure fetal blood vessels emerging from the legs, especially during the last months of pregnancy, and to avoid this problem for pregnant women to decrease salt intake and avoid pickles, and get some rest during the day with the lifting of the feet to the top.

4 - back pain: and usually occur with pregnancy, and to alleviate this pain would prefer to do some simple exercises and stand or sit in an upright position, and the use of comfortable shoes, and do not carry all things heavy.

5 - anemia (anemia): The pregnancy increases from anemia and malnutrition if they were present before pregnancy, because of the needs of creating an embryo.

6 - swelling of the legs and Antfajha veins (varicose veins): due to the pressure of the fetus on the veins emerging from the legs, so you must raise the legs to the top of the periods during the day and avoid the use of narrow belts or socks narrow band, but in the case of increasing swelling and pain can be linked to bond rubber tends leg before sleep.

7 - Constipation: a common symptom in pregnancy, and should be avoided by drinking adequate amounts of water and eat fruits and foods rich in fiber, bran Kalkhaddrawat and exercise appropriate.

Signs of illness during pregnancy and requiring physician intervention

1 - even small amounts of bleeding during pregnancy, and this must rest in bed and call the doctor or midwife.

2 - severe anemia and symptoms of feeling very weak and pale face

3 - pre-eclampsia and occurs during the last three months of pregnancy, and symptoms of swelling in the feet, hands and face with a headache, dizziness, blurred vision, rapid increase in weight with high blood pressure and the appearance of albumin in the urine.

If these symptoms develop, they should rest, eat free of salt, and consult a doctor.

Sports are the best solutions for the treatment of joint pain

Proven that people who exercise consistently exercises are healthier and happier and live longer than those who do not practice.

And if you who feel the pain of arthritis caused by some infections, you may feel that your condition is the reason for the lack of physical exercise to your practice.

Unlike what you're feeling the Tmarce we advise you to exercise consistently, because it is one of the best solutions for the treatment of joint pain at all.

Osteoporosis is the most common form of arthritis, the main cause of disability in people over the age of 55, and inactivity can make some symptoms of arthritis worse as it leads to:
- Inability to bear the pain
- Muscle weakness
- Roughness of joints
- The weakness of the movement

However, persons who engage in exercise as a treatment for joint pain to have:
- Pain in the lower
- More energy
- Improvement in sleep
- Improvement in the performance of most functions of the body

This is the one who paid the American College of Rheumatology indicating that the exercise should be part in the treatment of osteoporosis, which often is done by clicking on the hips, knees and spine.

On the other hand, the exercise benefit people with rheumatism, which often causes inflammation of joints, wrist, hands and knees Alkadimn, they should exercise in order to:
- To strengthen the joints and muscles surrounding
- Reducing the roughness of joints
- Reduction of pain

What is the best exercise for the treatment of arthritis?
You have many options for exercise, even if the arthritis affecting the joints strongly, and should also be the doctor is required to identify the amount and type of your practice exercises.

Try to include your practice of the exercises on these four types of the following key, where each of which has a positive effect in reducing pain and arthritis, including:

Flexibility: a group of movement and stretching exercises to help maintain the flexibility in the joints and surrounding muscles, which helps to:
- Improve the position of the body
- Reducing injuries
- Improve the performance of the functions of the body

Vtmarenat flexibility can be exercised for a period of 5-10 minutes a day, people with rheumatic find it better to exercise in the evening as this will help ease the pain the next morning, and the expansion of the exercises can be done at least three days a week.

Strengthen the muscles: These exercises are to give support to the joints and reduce pain, and stronger muscles also help to reduce bone loss.

You begin this exercise with the consent of the doctor with a gradual increase of the level of performance.

The program calls for pilot exercise, to do one set of 8-10 exercises with the repetition of each one of them from 10-12 for two or three days a week.

Aerobics Aerobic: This type of exercise can improve heart function, muscle and lung, as well as weight and sleep and mood and public health.

You should avoid exercise aerobics exercises within two hours of bedtime, since they can interfere with the pattern of sleep, and aerobics exercises include:
- Walking
- Dance
- Water Exercise
- Cycling
- Fixed use of ratings

Awareness and attention: These exercises Kaltay Chi and yoga are the least exercise, but they can help improve posture and balance and also relax.

You start to exercise any of them out, and my grandmother, and if that type of cause bother or more of the symptoms of pain, you can exercise any of the other species.

If the walking on solid ground in pain caused hips or knees, you can try swimming or walking on the shore of a lake.

This can help to build leg muscles without pressure on the joints.

Whatever type of exercise that you're choosing the right time of day to do it, because this will help to create a kind of routine in your life which you will benefit

Loss of some of the excess kilograms ease the choking during sleep

WASHINGTON - The modern medical study revealed that the loss of some of the excess kilograms among the people who suffer from bouts of suffocation in breathing Otinaalnom help greatly to alleviate the pathological phenomenon.

Study confirms beyond doubt the importance of losing excess weight or number of kilograms to improve significantly the phenomenon of the suffocation breathing during sleep.

The research Kdojerit the two groups of patients suffocation Otinaalnom Ofradalaoly sport where he regularly with the loss of some Cleogramat trailing at the time did not change the members of the second daily routines with their commitment to address Alakakiralamaaljp to a pathological condition.

The follow-up to Ofradalaoly succeeded in alleviating these bottlenecks by 5.13%, compared with 5.3% for the second Afradalmjmuap who confine their medicine on the medical Akir.

Anti obesity drugs cause liver damage

U.S. health officials said they went on to study reports of damage in the liver of people who used "Propecia", a drug to combat obesity, which is produced by Roche, which is marketed by Glaxo Smith GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) (GSK) under the name Alli.

Said the Food and Drug Administration Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that it had received 32 reports between 1999 and 2008 refer to cases of liver damage of this kind.

All cases except two, relating to prescribing Propecia, which produced outside the United States, of the 32 cases, 27 patients were taken to hospital, six cases of hepatitis have stopped working, according to the Food and Drug Administration.

Alli drive to combat obesity pose a health risk
The Food and Drug Administration: "Analysis of these data are continuing and there is no conclusive link between liver injury and orlistat [the active ingredient of the drug] has been identified at this stage", adding that people who use this treatment should continue to be used as described to them.

Obese people prone to liver problems
Said the U.S. laboratory GlaxoSmithKline GSK said in a statement that "there is no evidence of damage caused by drug Alli in the liver.

But people who are overweight or obese are at high risk for health problems related to the liver .. According to the British pharmaceutical group.

And defended her medicine from Roche, saying that there was no evidence of a link between Propecia and the occurrence of liver damage.

A spokesman for the Swiss group said in a statement: "The Roche has always been to monitor and analyze the safety of the liver under the influence of Propecia, and even now, there is no evidence of a link between Xenical and liver damage."

He added that Roche was taking "very seriously the safety of patients" and "continue to work closely with the Food and Drug Administration, both the drugs do not constitute a major source of income for GSK and Roche.

How to Purchase Structured Settlements

Do You Know That People who get large insurance claims after an accident often receive structured settlements. A structured settlement is a payment that is made either annually or semi-annually to an individual. These settlements are usually structured to help the person deal with ongoing medical expenses that may occur. People who own settlements can choose to sell it if they wish. In order to purchase a structured settlement, the company who issued the settlement must allow them to be sold.

People who are looking to cash in on their structured settlement are seeking a lump sum payment. This lump sum payment is in exchange for the ongoing structured payments that the party is receiving. These settlements are popular to buy because they are guaranteed income at the certain interest rate. The only risk in having a settlement is the risk that the company issuing the settlement declares bankruptcy.

When people are selling their settlements, they do not receive the full value of the actual settlement. They get immediate cash, but aren't paid the full value of the settlement. This means that the buyer of the settlement does gain some return on their investment.

There are many reasons why someone would want to sell their structured settlement. The biggest reason would probably be a need for instant money. Many people go through times in their lives where they need some immediate cash. Because structured payments are set up annually, many people choose to encash their settlement for an instant payout. The person purchasing structured settlement pays out a lump sum for the holder. They receive the benefit of having a secured investment for the remaining period.

Brain Cancer

Do You know That the brain is the main control center of our body that monitors/instructs everything thing in our body. Any disease that affects this central control system is really a big problem. And the worst thing to happen is brain cancer. Brain cancer is the development of brain tumors i.e. tumors in the brain. These could either be benign or malignant; the latter being the really harmful one.

Types of brain cancer

As most other types of cancer, brain cancer is also classified as primary brain cancer and secondary brain cancer. Primary brain cancer is the one that originates from the brain itself i.e. that originates in the brain cells. Secondary brain cancers is the one that doesn’t originate from the brain cells but is instead passed on from another organ/ part of the body

Causes of brain cancer

As is the case with many other types of cancer, the causes of brain cancer is a big topic for researchers. However, certain genetic conditions and exposure of head to radiation (as received during radiotherapy as part of treatment of other conditions) are known to be causes of cancer. There are a number of other theories that keep coming up time and again, each suggesting different possible causes of brain tumor (one famous one is about mobile phones causing brain cancer). However, there really isn’t a very convincing theory about what causes brain cancer.

Symptoms of brain cancer

Some very common symptoms of brain cancer are headaches and nausea; but these can really be caused by something else. So, headache and nausea shouldn’t really be taken as brain cancer. Some other symptoms of brain cancer are related to incorrect working of some of the basic senses (that are mainly governed by brain) e.g. speech, vision and smell etc. Again, there is no point in getting worried all by yourself; you should, in any case, consult a qualified doctor and let them know clearly about the various symptoms that you have observed. The doctor can then diagnose whether it is brain cancer. You might be referred to a neurologist for further examination (if brain cancer is suspected).

Diagnosis and treatment of brain cancer

The diagnosis of brain cancer will include tests that are based on the working of the nervous system. So, testing of basic human senses like vision, speech, hearing, mental capability, reflexes is taken up for diagnosis of brain cancer. The treatment of brain cancer is done through surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy (and the combination of these).

A new study linking the use of mobile brain cancer

A new study shows that the use of mobile phone (mobile) for long periods associated with the development of brain cancer in addition to the damage in tissues, and led the study, one of the largest surgical world, namely Australia, "Fini Quarna" who stated that exposure to many of the mobile phone radiation has negative effects on the body.

According to Dr. Quarnr, the tumors usually take about 10 years to develop, studies have shown that a few people have been injured because of brain cancer using a mobile for more than 10 years.

Dr. Quarna for the Independent newspaper in London: "This is a much larger threat to humanity Alasptos and the risk of smoking," This assessment is based on the number of people who use mobile now more than 3 billion people, and this number is greater than the number of smokers around the world Smoking kills five BILLION people each year and the number of much less exposed to the deadly effects of Osptos.

The Quarna that radiation emitted from mobile phones could lead to a rise in temperature near the ear of the speaker, which interacts with the brain power leads to some damage, as well as connect to Bluetooth is not good for the brain.

And conducted by Dr. "Quarna" show for 15 months to more than 100 previous studies involving the effects of mobile phone on the brain, has concluded that it must move away from mobile phone whenever possible.

On the other hand called on governments and industry to reduce mobile phone radiation because of gravity, said in the case of failure to act in this, the death rate will rise due to brain cancer has risen dramatically in the next ten years at this stage will be too late to intervene, he said in the period 2008-2012 targets will be monitoring the impact of mobile technology at the global level for cancer of the brain.

Dr. Quarna has won 14 scientific awards in the last 16 years, with many writings in many different scientific journals, has published the results of this study is also important everywhere and acknowledged that the mobile is very important in many critical situations and said that all the evidence confirms the relationship between radiation and brain cancer, said that the diagnosis of a brain tumor is a diagnosis of death.

The study condemned mobile and considered more dangerous than cigars and pipes and all kinds of smoking, however, rejected the Australian Communication Quarnr proposal to build a mobile communications network for the science-based health has said some of the research that exposure to radio waves may have adverse effects on health severely.

According to the World Health Organization there is a need for more research over the coming years to make a full assessment of health risks to humans.

Lottery Supplement European World Cup qualifying football

London, Oct 19 (Reuters Arabic) - Following are the draw Supplement European World Cup qualifiers for the 2010 FIFA.

Republic of Ireland v France

Portugal with Bosnia and Herzegovina

Greece and Ukraine

Russia with Slovenia

Meetings will be held back and forth on 14 and 18 November next.

Sunday, October 18, 2009

Vehicle Russian Progress cargo spaceship docks with International Space Station

Announced the Russian Center for the Space Mission Control that the Russian space cargo vehicle or -03 M, which took off Thursday from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, docked with the International Space Station Sunday.

An official at the Center for Russian news agencies that the docking mechanism in such a way at 01.41 GMT.

And the movement of Russian spacecraft to the station load of more than 2,5 tons, including fuel, scientific equipment, food, clothes and water for the crew of the space station.

Flu vaccine (H1N1) represents a challenge to the public health sector in the U.S.

Experts predict that he may be the U.S. government program of vaccination against influenza A (H-1 to 1) - also known as swine flu, which cost $ 6.4 billion - unprecedented pressure on the public health sector in the United States reveals serious shortcomings.

With preparations for the first program of mass vaccination in the United States twenty years ago to hand over tens of millions of doses per week is different from public health experts on the evaluation of the performance of the local health departments and state level.

Many say that the sector has never received the funds necessary to vaccinate a large-scale, despite years of planning for a pandemic re-emerged after the bird flu in Hong Kong and South Korea in 2003.

Said Leonard Marcus of the School of Public Health at Harvard University, "The worst scenario is that the vaccine in the state or region, but this state or the region did not plan adequately for distribution."

He said Marcus, who studied Hurricane Katrina in 2005, said the vaccination program against influenza A (H-1 to 1) may be facing setbacks on the level of leadership and coordination in any place suffers when public health systems of poor management or lack of funding.

He said, "official bureaucratic say that he has no power or require a signature and it will stop the system from the movement. Perhaps there is also a state of panic."

The experts commended the administration of President Barack Obama to the elaboration of programs able to buy 250 million doses and distribution of over 90 thousand sites across the country in order to provide vaccine for every American, he wants.

The Government has requested the vaccine from five companies Sanofi-Aventis is Lucy. S. And the Novartis and GlaxoSmithKline and Mdameon unit AstraZeneca.

It is expected Bob Hochwz expert distribution of vaccines from the consulting firm Booz & Co successful years.

He added: "There will be some long queues and some may have to wait for late hours and may not be able to get people out of the vaccine on the day they want, but if we deal with it rationally expect to be okay."

With the United States has struggled to recover from the economic recession may be a labor problem.

The National Union of Health officials at the provincial level cities and local health departments have dispensed with the 8000 jobs in the first half of the year after 7000 and cut jobs in 2008. Also imposed on the 12 thousand workers last cut their hours or compulsory licenses granted this year.

The people who need them against layoffs program (H-1 that 1) they are nurses, nurses aides and staff receive and staff phone.

Michael Osterholm, and warned against a potential public fears quickly if the number of infected bird (H-1 that 1) they are receiving hospitals and intensive care units.

A survey by the American College of Obstetricians emergency rooms that about ninety percent of these doctors are afraid to face the hospitals struggle to deal with the numbers of people infected with bird (H-1 to 1).

He said Osterholm, "public health, such as a rescue boat but is large enough to accommodate everyone and how sailing amidst the waves?"

Experts and keen not to detract from the status of public health workers who enjoy great respect thanks to their dynamism and dedication in work.

But they suggested that the lack of resources as well as the size and speed of the vaccination program will impose unprecedented pressures.

Obama and the administration has sought to ease the burden to grant health departments and hospitals $ 1.4 billion to assist in the planning and implementation of vaccination efforts, including the hiring of additional employment.

And may bear such bad news for about 46 million Americans are not subject to health insurance coming to the public health offices where vaccination is free.

The Hochwz "may place a burden on some systems in terms of number of employees and inflamed nerves."

FA defends face Brazil in Doha

Stressed the FA Cup on Sunday that his decision to organize an international friendly between the elected and his Brazilian counterpart in Doha next month, was not motivated by financial gain, but because of mutual agreement with the Brazilian Federation.

The newspaper "Sunday Mirror" English newspapers today revealed that Brazil will charge ten times what you would get England to fight this meeting can be scheduled in Doha at the Khalifa International Stadium, November 14, noting that the South American team will get the amount of 4 million pounds (about 5 R. $ 5 million) compared to 400 thousand pounds (550 dollars) to its English counterpart.

The FA said the game will come under an agreement with his Brazilian counterpart, in which two teams played first match on the occasion of the launch of the famous Wembley Stadium two years ago, that the second run in Doha to be a useful experience in preparation for the World Cup finals in South Africa.

"Said Mark Little, spokesman for the FA" As we said in the beginning, a game against Brazil for the return leg of a game we've played at Wembley Stadium. It is a mutual agreement between the parties. "

"I do not go into the game motivated by financial gain. Brazil leads the teams classification of the material world and things are secondary to us."

He concluded, "The match against Brazil, as the team's coach (Italy), Fabio Capello, the opportunity for England to be tested themselves against the best teams of South American."

Tweddle shines in the competition land movements, serious injury to Ortiz (Gymnastics)

London, Oct 18 (Reuters Arabic) - Britain's Beth Tweddle won the contest earth movement in the world gymnastics championships on Sunday, but the celebration of the center while the audience stops quoted Colombian Jessica Gil Ortiz rushed to hospital due to suspicion of being shot in the neck.

Tweddle and led a series of complex movements to achieve an easy win over Australia's Lauren Mitchell, where I got 14,650 points. Mitchell and got 14,550 points to win the silver while China has made only if the bronze medal after receiving 14,300 points.

Tweddle happily jumped to hit the air Bakdtiha after it ended its paragraph is interesting to its knees but the deafening silence prevailed in the room after that Belhtat Ortiz, when she fell and hit the back of her head to the ground.

And after that a medic rushed to help her around the neck brace Ortiz Colombian quoted her on a stretcher while competitors Tnzern stood in a state of shock. And stopped the contest for about 15 minutes to determine the extent of the injury.

But shortly after Ortiz left the hall, officials said "it was taken to hospital, but the initial diagnosis said the injury is not very serious."

Draw with Sampdoria, Lazio and remains in second place Serie A

Sampdoria failed to join Inter Milan at the top of Serie A football league table after drawing away to Lazio 1-1 on Sunday.

The Sampdoria, led by coach Luigi Del Neri Batsini the home side took the lead with a powerful header in minute 40 after a good cross from Marco Padalino.

But the hosts responded quickly when towering midfielder Matuzalem inside the penalty area to score the equalizer.

The performance was lackluster in the second half after the expulsion of Padalino player Roberto Baronio Sampdoria and Lazio player to get on each card.

And re-Antonio Cassano Sampdoria player of the soul to meet again when the ball hit the crossbar before the government condones a penalty after Fernando block Muslera Lazio keeper Batsini.

Inter leads the competition now two points behind second-placed Sampdoria after crushing a clean Genoa five goals on Saturday.

The Juventus and Fiorentina after that, four points behind Inter, after tying one to one on Saturday.

Christian Maggio scored a goal in stoppage time to give Naples a 2-1 win at home to Bologna in the first game under new coach Walter Matsari.

On the Maggio's cross from Argentine striker Ezequiel Lavezzi, who angered Matsari his return to the team on Saturday only after participating in an international match for his country.

And injured Colombian midfielder Nelson Rivas in the head after falling in a match against bottom club Livorno, which lost at home two goals to one against Palermo. Officials said that the player regained consciousness after being taken to hospital and his condition was not serious.

Udinese have lost at home three goals to one in front of Atlanta, who clinched their first win of the competition this season.

Udinese were forced to start the game without striker Antonio Di Natale, the Italian who was sitting on the bench because of injury.

In further meetings took place on Sunday at Cagliari Catania won 2-1 and beat Barry Chievo Verona by the same score and won Parma Siena 1 - zero

Fragrances season And the problem of fruit dishes

Despite the limitations of what is appropriate for summer and winter, and is suitable for day and evening disappeared, but it is quite another for Fragrances, Vllbrd a free perfume and perfume, and this should be respected according to companies and home manufacturers of these perfumes.

Their justification for this you can not wear a shoe design with the military dress of chiffon or silk to attend a tea ceremony, for example, also can not be to think that maybe one day wear light clothing at the height of summer with gloves and a hat made of wool or leather, because you know in advance that your form will be funny and confusing of the eye at the same time.

Valdhuq may forgive you mix colors and materials, but will not tolerate you in the event of a strong scent, used at a time when you have to Tstamelih ringing light and summaries refreshing.

The reasons are not only a matter of dictatorship or mood, they said, but because the perfume when you are really strong and suitable for warm winters and works as an antidote to the coldness, and when the light, they fit the atmosphere of the summer and various activities.

The best evidence of this it may conflict with the smell of sun protection cream, race, and similar things which, if they are absorbed.

So remember that summer does not mean shopping sleepwear sea or hats and sunglasses, but also search for Perfume Inashk and improves your mood, and most importantly this takes you off the ground to worlds far tackles the imagination and senses were.

Onset that by summer, beginning a lot of fashion houses and companies, cosmetics and perfumes us to travel destinations new to us, or other visited before, is still within us revive happy memories.

Have used the idea of traveling literally, to the extent the filming of the five or six minutes leading from a starting point to access point through several places and adventures, as is the case for the publicity raised by the House «Chanel» recent iconic perfume «Chanel نمبر 5», which mocked him a way out Jean-Pierre is a great Jounieh and actress Audrey Tautou.

Film is available on all elements of suspense and romance, because all events take place on the Orient Express from Paris to the starting point of Istanbul, and therefore play on the magic and mystery of a journey through research, Habib was armed with his girlfriend the distinctive smell of perfume to lead them.

Fragrances summer .. And memories of summer trips
- But without a doubt, the most distinguished perfume called this year and fall in European markets, is BEIGE Beige by Chanel as well, which he addresses the woman of another kind.

Despite the ambiguity of his name, but that splendor is not any ambiguity, it is awash with a sense of delicious once you open the bottle, being rich smell of flowers with a honey flavor is not overwhelming, but delicious.

The beautiful thing is it also a classic fragrance that can be used on many occasions, to the extent that one of the few that you can use in all seasons, and addresses of all ages.

But it should be noted here that own perfume Balzuqp launched by House «Chanel» from time to time under the name LES EXCLUSIFS a limited number available in some stores only in certain areas of the world, like Milan, Rome, Delhi, Geneva, Paris, Nice, Monaco, Moscow, Hamburg, Barcelona and Madrid.

- Among the new perfume, which had the mark is also great, fragrance «Bois Marroquín» Bois Marocain from Tom Ford, the most important of which is that it takes in the fascinating journey to Morocco, as its name implies, in particular to the markets of Marrakech vital striking colors, and smells Twablha.

- In turn, introduced House «Dior» perfume «Asqual a Pondicherry» Escale a Pondicherry, which takes us to worlds far do not lose sight of the sun, even in the dead of winter, the fragrance of the composition of the Astouhth «Cruz» this year and beat them the smell of jasmine, sandalwood and tea .

- The same thing applies to perfume «Essy Miyake» directed to both sexes, and, inspired by the atmosphere of the city of the sun and radiate joy.

Its conclusions is also based on a bouquet of roses and flowers in various colors and flavors.

Talk about the flavors that there leads us to perfumes again this summer marks the entry of other feeds, and promises inhalation new tunes based on recovery nutrition first and then secondly, the intention here feeding the senses, of course, despite its reliance on the proportion of the banner of fruits, vegetables and aromatic spices.

- Of these perfumes are perfume L'Occitane Rose de Mai Noi Rose Nuit deMai characterized responded with a strong smell of scent timber implied, and is available in a perfume bottle with a roller ball can be carried to travel easily.

- The option is present the strongest in the Marc Jacobs Perfume «Kiokimber Splash» Cucumber Splash, which addresses both prefer the smell of fresh and vibrant, and Marc Jacobs has re-released after the success, indeed, is a refreshing and vital.

- The Mohabat citrus fruits, the company re-Pinhalleniun Ethnological group, which had been devised at the beginning of 1963 from the Western Indian lemon oil and lemon. It is used for both sexes.

- Lemon was also present at the Prada Perfume de Flor de Infyoshn Oorangir Infusion de Fleur D "Orange, and is characterized by the smell of soft touches with modern mixes with the scent of lemon oil, oranges, tangerines and spirit of the company also launched« Sisley »a trio of refreshing summer perfume remind you which number 1, a mixture of orange and grapefruit green and cherry pink.

- Because it is not possible to talk about perfume, without addressing company «Gerland» which produces a in all seasons Battor renewable, has recently launched two copies of a «Aqua Olgoureas» Aqua Allegorias famous, and may be the most refreshing Cherry Blossom Cherry Blosso which pervaded the Arig with flowers few of the smell of peach.

- For each of the preferred perfume is very light in the summer, Dar «Chic Moschino Shipp Land» scent «Light Clouds» Light Clouds is, consists of a bouquet of flowers and a mixture of peach and papers with a grain of Musk.

- Fashion designer Rachel Ilbez, resident in the UK, in turn, launched a copy of perfume «Rachel» as «Dream de Rachel Ilbez» Dream De Rachel Elbaz problem consists of a bouquet of Patchouli and Jasmine with a pinch of sperm so as not to turn the recovery to a cooler.

Wolfsburg beat Moenchengladbach and climb to fifth in the Bundesliga

BERLIN (Reuters) - Karlsruhe team returned to fourth in the order of first division German football after winning with a straight beat MSV Duisburg on Sunday.

Continued to newly-promoted Karlsruhe for the first degree victories and powerful performance, picked up three valuable points to win that has been achieved with a goal from Swiss defender Mario Agyeman header after 29 minutes.

In the other game on Sunday at home to beat VfL Bochum Volsfborg five goals to three.

The Bundesliga leaders Bayern Munich fell in a goalless draw at home to Eintracht Frankfurt on Saturday, cutting their lead to two points only.

Bayern Munich missed the only team not to lose in the championship this season, 38 the opportunity to score a goal in the end only to a point.

Bayern Munich and stayed on top with 28 points from 12 games to open the door to competition in front of second-placed Hamburg, who closed the gap to two points with the leaders by winning at home to Hertha Berlin 2-1.

Werder Bremen are third with 24 points after the win with no response to Hansa Rostock Karlsruhe Then comes fourth with 23 points.

Polished lips Juicy Tubes fruit-flavored

Lips of Lancôme Juicy Tubes Bmmaqp wonderful and greed, you will shine shine and glitter-flavored fruit.

After the launch of eight years, said pipes polished lips Juicy Tubes brightest smile on all the women in the world who consume more than three million pieces each year.

Why Juicy Tubes?
Juicy Tubes revitalization of the make-up by combining the fun and sparkle through a unique product is the first polished lip contains a distributor, and give specific thanks to voracious composition containing perfume strawberry, raspberry or succulent fruit of Chinese lychees.

Those tubes Juicy Tubes
Lovely for who like nature, is the strawberry Ilthemen Tagada, those looking for simplicity and prefer lipstick, Asian on the list, adored by color finish, Allwlwy and transparent.

The success of Juicy Tubes tube to the edge bevel, which allow the distribution structure very easily. Such as the balsam dissolved slip composition on the lips to shine brighter and brighter your home.

Since the issuance in 2000 in limited quantity for a summer and spring, Juicy Tubes saw all colors. Then a series of versions of the expanding family Juicy pop, strawberry-flavored Juicy by Nature, with the capacity moisturizing, then the designer Christopher Kane add their touches identification and development of each group two years ago.

The technological leap made rich in composition in 2007 with a Stick & Shine is a custom combination of more luster. Juicy Tubes of Lancôme ..

In the same family:
Glossy Full Couleur -1 of Make Up for Ever
Be made in 10 colors LCD, this combination placed individually to obtain the size of Mmtlo, or lipstick for the color attractive

2 - Baume Couleur Levres of Clarins reformer for lips thanks to its composition rich butter karite, also protects from free radicals with vitamin A is bilateral.

3 - B Glossy Elixir of Agnes CCB elements of the pomegranate, milk shakes, strawberry or honey, cinnamon, this polished taste of sugar moisturizes lips with moisturizing components.

4 - Volume Shine Wonder Full of Nivea activate the production of collagen, the summary Burdock-sized enterprises by giving the composition of the light reflex.

5 - Gloss Rouge Jelly from Yves to add sparkle and shine.

Manchester City draw with Wigan and Blackburn defeated Burnley in the Premier League

لندن (رويترز) - خسر الاسرائيلي افرام جرانت أول مباراة يقود فيها تشيلسي خلفا للبرتغالي جوزيه مورينيو على يد مضيفه مانشستر يونايتد 2-صفر يوم الاحد في المرحلة السابعة من منافسات الدوري الانجليزي الممتاز لكرة القدم على ملعب اولد ترافورد.

وسجل الارجنتيني كارلوس تيفيز هدفه الاول بقميص مانشستر يونايتد عندما قابل برأسه كرة عرضية من رايان جيجز في المرمى في الدقيقة الاخيرة من الوقت المحتسب بدل الضائع للشوط الاول.

ولعب تشيلسي بعشرة لاعبين منذ الدقيقة 32 بعد طرد النيجيري جون اوبي ميكل اثر خطأ ضد الفرنسي باتريس ايفرا.

واحتسب الحكم مايك دين ركلة جزاء في الدقيقة 88 بسبب عرقلة الاسرائيلي تال بن حاييم لمهاجم مانشستر يونايتد الفرنسي لوي ساها الذي انبرى لها ونفذها بنجاح ليضاعف غلة فريقه.

وبذلك يتقدم مانشستر يونايتد حامل اللقب الى المركز الثاني في البطولة برصيد 14 نقطة متأخرا بفارق نقطتين عن أرسنال المتصدر الذي سحق ديربي كاونتي يوم السبت بخمسة أهداف مقابل لا شيء.

وسجل المهاجم النيجيري نوانكو كانو هدفا في الدقيقة 24 ليعود فريقه بورتسموث الى قواعده بانتصار على مضيفه بلاكبيرن روفرز بهدف نظيف في لقاء اخر اقيم يوم الاحد.

وواصل توتنهام هوتسبير نتائجه الضعيفة وتعادل مع مضيفه بولتون واندرارز بهدف من روبي كين مقابل هدف من الاسباني ايفان كامبو.

وفاز استون فيلا على ضيفه ايفرتون بهدفين دون رد سجلهما النرويجي جون كارو في الدقيقة 14 وجابرييل اجبونلاهور في الدقيقة 61.

وسجل مارك فيدوكا هدفين في الدقيقة الثانية والدقيقة 41 وأضاف تشارلز انزوجبيا هدفا اخر في الدقيقة 76 ليفوز نيوكاسل يونايتد على وست هام يونايتد 3-1. وأحرز دين اشتون هدف وست هام الوحيد في الدقيقة 32.

وفيما يلي ترتيب فرق المقدمة في الدوري الانجليزي..

1- ارسنال 16 نقطة من ست مباريات

2- مانشستر يونايتد 14 نقطة من سبع مباريات

3- مانشستر سيتي 13 نقطة من سبع مباريات

4- ليفربول 12 نقطة من ست مباريات

5- نيوكاسل يونايتد 11 نقطة من ست مباريات
LONDON (Reuters) - Avram Grant lost the first game in charge at Stamford Bridge successor to Jose Mourinho at the hands at Manchester United 2 - zero on Sunday in the seventh round of the Premier League at Old Trafford.

And Carlos Tevez scored his first goal for Manchester United shirt when he met a headed home a cross from Ryan Giggs goal in the final minute of stoppage time of the first-half.

Chelsea played with ten players since 32 minutes after the expulsion of John Obi Mikel after a foul on Patrice Evra.

The referee Mike Dean awarded a penalty kick in minute 88 for obstructing the Israeli Tal Ben Haim to Manchester United striker Louis Saha, who leapt and executed successfully to double yields of his team.

And thus lead Manchester United into second place in the standings with 14 points, two points behind leaders Arsenal who thrashed Derby County on Saturday by five goals to none.

Nigerian striker Nwankwo Kanu goal in 24 minutes to return to base his team Portsmouth's victory at Blackburn Rovers with a view to clean another meeting was held on Sunday.

Tottenham Hotspur continued poor results and draw with Bolton Wanderers the lead with a Robbie Keane goal for the Spaniard Ivan Campo.

Aston Villa won at home to Everton scored two goals without reply John Carew on 14 minutes and Gabriel Agbonlahor on 61 minutes.

Mark Viduka scored twice in the second minute and 41 minutes and Charles Anzojbia added another goal on 76 minutes to beat Newcastle United at West Ham United 3-1. Dean Ashton scored West Ham the only goal after 32 minutes.

The following is the order of the top teams in the Premier League ..

1 - Arsenal 16 points from six matches

2 - Manchester United 14 points from seven games

3 - Manchester City 13 points from seven games

4 - Liverpool 12 points from six matches

5 - Newcastle United 11 points from six matches

Simon made the Spanish world title for the category 125 cubic centimeters

Phillip Island (Australia) (Reuters) - Spain's Julian Simon won the world title for the MotoGP class 125 cubic centimeters on Sunday when he beat fellow British Bradley Smith on the final lap to finish the first race in Australia.

Simon, who beat beats ahead 50.5 points to Smith's closest rival in the championship to a poor start before he could issue the order on the Phillip Island circuit length of 4.45 kilometers.

He said the rider 22-year-old told reporters: "I am very happy after I won and made an effort."

"We have signed last year at Phillip Island to hold my return to racing class 125 (cubic centimeters), so I'm thrilled to Ttawaiji title here."

And Simon won the title, to witness a strong return to the Spaniard to the category of 125 cubic centimeters after participated in the 2007-2008 season in the category of 250 cubic centimeters and could not climb on the podium and occupy the top three in any race.

And Simon now has 239 points, one ahead 55.5 points from Smith two rounds before the end of the world championships in Malaysia and Valencia, Spain.

The victory was the fifth to Simon this season. The Nasdaq Spanish rider on the podium ten times out of 14 races.

And occupied the German Sandro Curtisi third and Spain's Pol Espargaro mate at Derby in the fourth place after starting the race from pole position.

Championship Spain: Barcelona defeat and escape from a difficult win for Real Madrid

Leaders Barcelona and defending champion of the defeat away to Valencia and drawn with zero - zero, and the great Real Madrid and runners-up a difficult win at home to Valladolid, 4-2, beat Deportivo La Coruna at home to Sevilla 1 - zero Saturday's seventh stage of the Spanish league football .

The Mestalla stadium and in front of 45 thousand spectators, a Valencia, who were without top scorer David Villa, a danger always on guard at home without being able to inflict the first defeat this season.

Pablo Hernandez and almost opened the scoring in the first minute but shot in the foot goalkeeper Victor Valdes after himself alone before entering the Barcelona gradually in the atmosphere of the game relatively late, and Gary host control and attacks without serious mention in the first half was his first attempt by Brazilian Daniel Aalvic long shot away from the existing right (9), and the last by Xavi Hernandez's free kick (43).

In contrast, the form of Pablo Hernandez, Juan Manuel Garcia "Mata" bilaterally dangerous and provided them with David Silva and Miguel rollers rich Fsnan are several opportunities for serious defused goalkeeper Victor and the defense in 19 minutes, 27, 36 and 44.

In the second half, did not change conditions much stayed the ground Mtsida the field and missed several opportunities to players most important to Balbo, who fired a ball from the center circle for the benefit of progress Victor Valdes, who dropped several steps back and saved the situation with difficulty (69) before the save chance of the net from a game Two minutes later (71), with striker Pedro missed a rare opportunity to Barcelona after a cross from Xavi (64).

Barcelona and stayed in the lead with 19 points, one against Real Madrid, led by Raul Gonzalez Santiago Bernabeu stadium in front of 52 thousand spectators to win by scoring two early goals, firstly after a cross from Esteban Garnero followed the usual left hand in his own way from about 6 meters in goalkeeper Jacobo ( 14).

The team leader after the second goal the Royal cross within the area of Brazilian defender Marcelo was received Bhrevenp and pursued goals in the net (18).

Fought Raul (32 years), No. 711 game with Real Madrid Fanfrd index after surviving a difference of one match the previous record which was shared with guns legend Manolo Sanchez, who played for Royal Group from 1983 to 2001.

Raul and raise the tally to 320 goals, and was surpassed last year is another legend Alfredo Di Stefano's 307 goals, also a record holder in the score in the Champions League (65 goals), a difference of 5 goals in front of teammate Ruud van Nistelrooy, and his record in the number of international goals for Spain (44 goals in 102 games), knowing that he had not been called to the squad since 2006.

Valladolid and reduced the difference with a free kick Nawzat Aleman, hitting the ball over the middle of the right and turned into the opposite corner beyond the reach of goalkeeper Iker Casillas (29).

His ground and ended the first half ahead 3-1 after that Marcelo scored the third goal after receiving a ball at the Arc region does not apply with shell ace are to the right of goalkeeper Jacobo (45).

In the second half, enabling the guest to reduce the difference once again taking advantage of a defensive error after pushing Diego Costa ball at the feet of Pepe Garcia to Marcus Parreno "Markitus" poke into the net unattended without taking the trouble in the face of Casillas (53).

And contributed to the changes that were used as Real Madrid coach Chilean Manuel Pellegrini, the introduction of Brazilian Kaka and Argentina's Gonzalo Higuain, instead of Rafael van der Vaart and Karim Benzema, French, result in a switch after the successful Argentine shortly after coming to invest in football sent by Xabi Alonso on the right side lifting neatly over the goalkeeper advanced and fell into his own net (79).

And Madrid came close to conceding Riek shaken a third time without the intervention of Raul Albiol in a timely manner, reversing a defensive error committed on the break led to infiltration (86), and then goalkeeper Casillas on the ball for a corner Markitus (87).

In the second game for the Riazor before 25 thousand spectators, Avctak Juan Rodriguez Date Deportivo long-range shot from outside the region of which landed the ball into the roof of the right corner of keeper Javi Varas (38).

And tried to Sevilla in the remaining time of the first half and a full second to return to the atmosphere of the meeting through the imposition of control over the events, but the relative superiority of field was not giving him insufficient to draw and stay third on the list of the standings with 15 points.

And equal Debortwola La Coruña with Sevilla in the number of points but trailing by a goal difference, but the laws and regulations of the league based on the results of direct confrontation refrained Sevilla moved up to fourth.

The round ends Sunday to set up the other seven games.

Bundesliga Germany: Schalke win the first summit and issued a goalless draw on the second

The first summit was in the ninth stage of the German football with his host VfB Stuttgart 2-1 in the opening Saturday, finished second among the winners at home to Hamburg and Bayer Leverkusen tie zero - zero.

In the first game, a Croatian Ivan Rakitic Schalke team in the lead after opening a registry Pimenah after he sent a ball from inside the area to the top right corner of the keeper, former international away to Stuttgart, Jens Lehmann (24).

In the second half, he was able to modify the Brazilian cocoa outcome and re-Stuttgart into the match after seeing a ball of free kick, Julian Hayebr (73), but the joy did not last long as it allows the former international Kevin Kuranyi from the three points back for guests after just 3 minutes after he slid of the Brazilian Rafinha (76).

In the second, none of the teams adding the result to resolve their respective championship points tally to be 21 points with goal difference for the benefit of Bayer Leverkusen.

Bayern Munich and waited until the second minute and forty to open the scoring in the range of host Freiburg through youth international Thomas Mueller (42).

Consolidated and runners, who moved into fifth place and entered seriously compete with 18 points, by the gift in the second half of South Korea Cha Du - Ri, who tried to clear a carried out by Belgian Daniel van Buyten from a free kick situation is in the range of French goalkeeper Simon Poblan (68 ).

Freiburg and was able to return to the turn of the first-class score orphans in stoppage time by Stefan Raizingr (90 +2) without being able to tie it and the denial of the home the three points.

Benefited Werder Bremen, who has maintained fourth place, the low morale of the players at home to Hoffenheim after the failure of Brazilian Carlos Eduardo in the translation of a penalty obtained by compatriot Majkozuel after being roughness by goalkeeper Tim Weise (14), scored the first two goals of the Peruvian capital Claudio Pizarro, who followed the Turkish-born German soccer Mesut Ozel corner (18).

The second came after 4 minutes of Per Mertesacker made right from a tight angle against the crossbar after a free kick (22).

In the second half, none of the teams switch the result, despite the many opportunities that arose for them especially for Hoffenheim, who tried to succeed without amendment.

Gifted Bosnian Milivoj Novakovic the assistance of France's Fabrice Colin Aehrt his team three points after he scored his only goal in a goal at home to Mainz Benyamina shot from a tight angle (42).

And record the Greek Nikos Ibiropoulos goal first goal for Eintracht Frankfurt in the range of home follow-up header Hanover Football Steinhofer Marcos sent a corner kick (24).

In the second half, Czech Republic, Steiner returned to normal when things are leveled for guests with the support of Jan Rosenthal (68), but Alexander Meier re-apply for the hosts (74).

Nuremberg and the depth of the wounds of the lights to return home to Hertha Berlin last place with two goals to early taste of Swiss Avcthama Daniel Jigas right-wing shot from within the region (18), and his fellow Albert Boniako similar shot after the ball links from Mike Franz, who carried out the free kick (26).

In the second half, added the second goal Boniako personal and third for his team rocket from outside the area following a pass from Christian EGLER settled in the bottom corner Alesryi (60).

The round ends fullness champions Wolfsburg vs. Borussia Moenchengladbach, Borussia Dortmund and Bochum.

To a more Youthful Appearance in The Fast Time

For a fresh complexion
For Max Delorme, no makeup heal the effects of age, be a potent skin without too wet.

This is why we work as a massage cream massage, so Nrdob skin and for the two color pink.

If the skin is very dry, you can resort to technical rescue on the way Bobbi Brown Put your liquid layer below the palliative balm essential elements of the vitamins and fine texture.

Karim basis for sensitive skin
Experts from the supporters of cream (less is more) recommend this cream which is concentrated in the Union of the skin with a cream for the skin dissolved in a few basis humidifier.

Usefulness of skin cream: it slips on the skin without leaving traces and increases the moisture Vthsalin to look bright, you can choose a degree lighter than the skin color to lighten the dark areas of the skin.
For you to open the skin in the dark areas.

This advice so as not to Jerone Sandevoir Taatothery by quality or quantity, it is recommended the work of the make-up in the light of day.

For the prevention of black halos around the eyes to look bright
We are used to develop creams, anti-black halos, Kkarim basis prior to the Foundation for the skin, but we prefer here to give a tinge of sparkle on the skin cream selection clause means full cream glow Shining.

Place it gently on the dark bottom of the eye and eyelids in motion in order to Tmlaiy circular blanks, if your eyes Gairtin you can choose the basis of the illuminated accents of cream in the corners of the eye internal and external areas below and above the eye lids.

A touch of magical powder foundation
Do I have a powder after the foundation? Question that arises for many of the ladies ..

For the fashion experts answer be in the negative .. If the skin is damp with the first, naturally, but if it is not bright can be done, and we can say yes to a light powder in a very transparent, just put them on the areas middle, which did not appear on the skin of any additions.

It also explains Jerome Sandevoir can put powder with a brush for a light layer, but it is shiny, powder instructive for skin and rosy color, which opens and maintains the skin glow are the most effective, and preferably used only during the night.

Manchester United clinch top of the Premier

Manchester United snatched the lead in the Premier League, taking advantage of Chelsea's defeat to Aston Villa while continued series of degraded results for Liverpool.

At Villa Park Aston Villa inflicted a second defeat this season, while guest defeated Chelsea 2-1.

Match was delayed 20 minutes due to illness The key provision Steve Bennett and his inability to go down to the carpet was replaced by the fourth official, who replaced Kevin Ferrand turn after finding a local government Paul Rieger and await the arrival onto the pitch.

Didier Drogba scored the goal to apply for Chelsea after a quarter of an hour from the beginning of the game a shot from a distance to the ground and rebounded the ball deceived the American goalkeeper Brad Friedel and flew into the net.

Intensified after the goal and the owners of the ground attack in order to tie in return, Chelsea continued to attack across releases Alrtgali Drogba and Deco and the campus to the right Chelsea defender Ashley Cole of promoting the progress of his team in 22 minutes.

On 32 minutes Richard Dunne realized a tie for Aston Villa header housed the ball on the left of goalkeeper Petr Cech.

Continued series of lost opportunities in Chelsea and the brilliance of goalkeeper Brad Friedel to protect his goal to end the first half, a draw.

In the second half of the players have stepped up their attacks Aston Villa, based on the high balls after being named the first goal for Chelsea in the weak defense to deal with them.

Like the first goal the home side took advantage of a corner kick from the left offset Wales James Collins header to the left of Cech on 52 minutes.

Guests launched a series of serious attacks, but the Aston Villa goalkeeper continued to sparkle and Affersnyen denied Florent Malouda and Nicolas Anelka from equalizing the game ended with this result which has left Chelsea level on points at 21 points from nine games.

Owen brilliance

And at Old Trafford Manchester United began the meeting against Bolton attack compressor and a strong incentive for following the faltering Chelsea.

Instead, Michael Owen, the absence of striker Wayne Rooney scored the first goal for Manchester United in the fifth minute after the ball registration filed Patrice Evra from the left and its entirety Michael Owen header rebounded Bolton player Zat Knight and became a goalkeeper Jussi Iaskilaynen.

Owners of the land and intensified their attack and almost Dimitar Berbatov to add a second goal for Manchester with a powerful shot but the ball went near the left post on 13 minutes.

On the other hand tried to Bolton leveled but the hosts boosted their progress after the game started in the mid-joint pitch Ecuadorian Antonio Valencia to Owen and then to Commander Gary Neville, who returned the ball to Valencia, who shot powerfully into the net after 34 minutes.

In the second half the hosts missed opportunities to promote achieving the result, but Bolton pulled a goal back after Kevin Davies lifted the ball twice from the left drifted away from the defense in the first and followed Matthew Taylor headed home past goalkeeper Edwin van der Sar after 75 minutes.

And caught the game after this goal and Van der Sar saved his team from a second goal before the final whistle, bringing the balance of the champions to 22 points, ranking the forefront.

The stadium Onajafild Liverpool started the game against Sunderland in the absence of guest players are influential playmaker Steven Gerrard and striker Fernando Torres.

The guests opened the scoring five with Darren Bent in the early post that has invested a ball of French Belgian Steed Malbranque followed goals in the bottom right corner of goalkeeper Jose Reina.

The ball dropped Tseppt Jmaehr Sunderland on the pitch a lot in this goal after the defense confused and Liverpool keeper but the referee goal.

The match ended in victory of Sunderland, who was arrested balance Liverpool with 15 points they dropped to eighth and reduced chances of competing for the title after his fourth loss against 5 wins.

The Spurs, he had maintained a presence in third place and continued his winning ways win at Portsmouth with two goals of Ledley King in 29 minutes, Jermain Defoe on 45 minutes, who received a red and left the pitch at the minute) 60 minutes after one of the registration Portsmouth only goal through Germany Kevin-Prince.

The hand on Arsenal fourth with 18 points after beating Birmingham City by three goals to one.

Alcohol's Effects in the Brain

Do You Know That Alcohol can make you laugh or it can make you cry, it can make you lively or make you sleepy, it can boost your confidence or make you act the fool. How can alcohol have all these different effects on people? If we want to know how alcohol affects our moods and behaviors we must first understand a bit about how the brain works.

The human brain is made up of about 100 billion nerve cells (also known as neurons). Everything that we think, feel or do is the result of electrical signals passing back and forth between neurons. These electrical signals require the help of chemicals called neurotransmitters in order to pass from neuron to neuron. Scientists have identified around 60 different neurotransmitters so far and tell us that there are probably many more yet to be identified.

Different neurotransmitters have different effects in the brain. For example, serotonin is connected with mood. People suffering from clinical depression tend to have a shortage of serotonin in their brains, and medications like Prozac can help to alleviate depression by increasing the availability of serotonin in the brain. Endorphins are a class of neurotransmitters which act as the brain's natural painkillers.

Electrical signals in the brain are transmitted in the following manner: The neuron which is sending the electrical signal releases a neurotransmitter, and the neuron which is receiving the electrical signal accepts the neurotransmitter at a site which is called a receptor. When the neurotransmitter from the first neuron chemically binds to the receptor of the second neuron the electrical signal is transmitted. Neurotransmitters and receptors work like locks and keys: there is at least one different receptor for each different neurotransmitter. For example, an endorphin receptor can only be triggered by and endorphin, a serotonin receptor can only be triggered by serotonin, and so on. Different neurons have different receptors. Some neurons will only be triggered by serotonin, some only by an endorphin, and so on for all the different neurotransmitters.

Okay--now what does all of this have to do with alcohol?

Every mood altering substance from heroin to coffee has an effect on the neurotransmitter system of the brain. Some psychoactive drugs affect only one specific neurotransmitter system, whereas others affect many. Morphine, for example, mimics the neurotransmitter beta-endorphin--a natural painkiller found in the brain. Morphine is shaped like beta-endorphin and binds to the beta-endorphin receptors thus acting as a painkiller and also giving rise to feelings of pleasure. Caffeine is shaped like Adenosine and acts on the adenosine receptors. Alcohol on the other hand affects many different neurotransmitters, not just one, Why is this?

Morphine and caffeine are both large molecules. Neurotransmitters are also large molecules. Morphine and caffeine have the effects which they do because of their similarity in shape to neurotransmitters which occur naturally in the brain. Alcohol on the other hand is a quite small molecule. Alcohol does not mimic a neurotransmitter. So then how does alcohol affect neurotransmitters?

Alcohol is a fat soluble molecule. Fats (called lipids) are a major component of all cell membranes, including the cell membranes of neurons. Alcohol enters the cell membranes of neurons and changes their properties. Receptors are located on cell membranes and this means that receptor properties are altered by the presence of alcohol. Cell membranes also control the release of neurotransmitters and this means that the release of neurotransmitters is also affected by the presence of alcohol.

The effects of alcohol on receptors and neurotransmitters have been well documented for several neurotransmitters and their corresponding receptors. These effects are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1: Alcohol's Effect on Neurotransmitters and Receptors

Alcohol inhibits glutamate receptor function
This causes muscular relaxation, discoordination, slurred speech, staggering, memory disruption, and blackouts
Ether and chloroform have similar effects on the glutamate system

GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)

Alcohol enhances GABA receptor function
This causes feelings of calm, anxiety-reduction and sleep
Valium has a similar effect on the GABA system


Alcohol raises dopamine levels
This leads to excitement and stimulation
Cocaine and amphetamine have similar effects on the dopamine system


Alcohol raises endorphin levels
This kills pain and leads to an endorphin "high"
Morphine and heroin have similar effects on the endorphin system

Drugs like morphine or cocaine have been referred to as "chemical scalpels" because of their very precise effects on just one neurotransmitter system. Alcohol on the other hand is much more like a chemical hand grenade in that it affects just about all parts of the brain and all neurotransmitter systems. Alcohol affects all these systems at the same time. When people drink alcohol they become lively and excited because alcohol raises dopamine levels just as cocaine does, although alcohol does not raise dopamine levels anywhere near as much as cocaine does. When people drink alcohol they feel calm and lose their anxieties because alcohol makes the GABA receptors function more efficiently just like valium does. The reason that people tend to fall asleep after drinking alcohol or taking valium is also due to this effect on the GABA receptor. And alcohol has a painkilling effect like morphine and produces a high similar to morphine because it causes a release of endorphins into the brain thus raising the endorphin levels. (Note that the effect of morphine is different from alcohol in its mechanism--morphine imitates endorphins and binds to endorphin receptors whereas alcohol increases the amounts of the endorphins in the brain.) Finally we come to glutamate. Alcohol greatly inhibits the functioning of the glutamate receptor. Glutamate is responsible for the formation of new memories as well as for muscular coordination. It is alcohol's effect on the glutamate receptor which leads to slurred speech, and staggering in people who have consumed alcohol, as well as the inability to remember what one did that night when the morning after comes. Perhaps the only positive effect of this effect on the glutamate receptor is a feeling of muscular relaxation. Many negative effects of alcohol such as automobile fatalities due to drunk driving are the result of the loss of coordination caused by alcohol's effect on the glutamate receptor. Even small amounts of alcohol have a major impact on coordination--so never, never drink and drive.

You have probably observed that alcohol seems to have different effects on different people. Some people quickly become sleepy after drinking just a little alcohol whereas others become animated and want to just go, go, go. Research on mice suggests that this difference is genetic. Scientists have been able to breed strains of mice which quickly go to sleep after ingesting alcohol. They have also been able to breed strains of mice which become very active after ingesting alcohol. This strongly suggests that genetics determines which neurotransmitter system is most strongly affected by alcohol in which individual. Individuals who become sleepy soon after drinking probably have their GABA system more strongly affected by alcohol. And individuals who become lively and excited after drink probably have their dopamine system most strongly affected.

The effects of alcohol on the brain do not end when alcohol is completely metabolized and out of the system--what happens next is something called neurotransmitter rebound. This rebound effect is most easily illustrated if we look at what happens to many people when they use a drink or two as a sleep aid. These people often tend to wake up in the middle of the night and find themselves unable to fall back asleep. What is happening is this--alcohol has enhanced the functioning of the GABA system and has made these people feel relaxed and sleepy. The entire time that alcohol is present the GABA system is struggling to overcome the effects of alcohol and return to normal functioning. When all the alcohol is finally out of the body, the GABA system overshoots the mark and leaves people feeling restless and wide awake. This is why alcohol is not a good sleep aid. Large quantities of alcohol can keep a person asleep longer, but drinking large quantities of alcohol has its own negative effects. Neurotransmitter rebound seems also to be implicated in symptoms of hangovers such as hyper-sensitivity to light and in alcohol withdrawal syndrome giving rise to feelings of anxiety and panic and other symptoms as well.

Some medications used to treat alcohol abuse such as campral and naltrexone work by affecting the neurotransmitter systems. Naltrexone (also called revia) is an opioid receptor antagonist. Naltrexone works by binding to the endorphin receptors (which are sometimes also called opioid receptors) and blocking them off so that opiates cannot bind to these receptors. Unlike opiates or endorphins naltrexone has no painkilling effects and no pleasurable effects. Naltrexone simply blocks off the endorphin receptors so that neither opiates nor endorphins can have their painkilling or pleasurable effects. Naltrexone is highly effective with people who use opiates such as morphine or heroin since these drugs have no effect at all when the receptors are blocked by naltrexone. Naltrexone has some effect in helping people to abstain from alcohol or to moderate their use, however it is not as effective with alcohol as with opiates because alcohol affects many different neurotransmitters. The downside of naltrexone is that the body's natural painkillers, the endorphins, are unable to do their job when it is present. People taking naltrexone are advised to wear medic-alert bracelets so that doctors will know that painkillers are ineffective on these people.

Campral (also known as acamprosate) is a glutamate receptor modulator. Campral helps eliminate cravings for alcohol in long term heavy drinkers. It is hypothesized that long term heavy drinking upsets the glutamate neurotransmitter system and that campral helps to restore this to normal.

No discussion of alcohol and the brain would be complete without a mention of possible brain damage caused by alcohol abuse. It is likely that we have all heard that drinking kills brain cells. However, does scientific evidence bear out this common folk saying? A 1993 study by Jensen and Pakkenberg published in Lancet titled "Do alcoholics drink their neurons away?" compared the brains of alcoholics to the brains of non-alcoholics. This study found that the white matter of the brains of alcoholics was significantly depleted. The gray matter, however, was the same in both alcoholics and non-alcoholics. This is interesting since it is the gray matter that does the thinking. The gray matter has been compared to a network of computers, and the white matter to the cables linking them together. The brain does not produce new gray matter to replace that which is lost. The brain can, however, produce new white matter to replace white matter which has been lost. The researchers concluded that loss of white matter do to heavy drinking may possibly not constitute irreparable damage.

There is, however, a form of irreparable brain damage which can be caused by long term heavy drinking. This is Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, also known as "wet brain". Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndromeis not caused by a loss of brain cells--it is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (also known as thiamine). Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome can have several causes including extreme malnutrition, prolonged periods of vomiting due to morning sickness or an eating disorder, kidney dialysis, stomach stapling, or alcohol abuse. The vast majority of cases of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome which occur in the United States are caused by severe, long-term, heavy drinking. Alcohol can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome because it blocks the absorption of thiamine. Symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome include amnesia, inability to form new memories, confusion, hallucinations, and confabulation. Some of the more severe symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome can be treated with thiamine, however in most cases many of the symptoms persist for a lifetime.

Have scientists discovered everything that there is to know about alcohol's effects on the brain? It seems that this is clearly not the case. Scientists believe that alcohol likely affects many more neurotransmitters than the four discussed in this article. There is constant and ongoing research to discover how alcohol might affect other neurotransmitters. The future is likely to bring us much new knowledge about alcohol and the brain.